The World

Monday-Thursday 7PM, Friday 6PM
  • Hosted by Lisa Mullins, Marco Werman

PRI's "The World" brings one-of-a-kind international stories home to America. Each weekday, host Lisa Mullins guides listeners through major issues and stories, linking global events directly to the American agenda.

<a href="http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=89203&amp;eocn=image&amp;eoci=moreiotd">NASA.gov</a>

"A sincere search for areas of common ground.” That’s what Al Gore called his surprise meeting this week with President-elect Donald Trump. 

Gore, of course, is one of the leading voices for aggressive action to fight the climate crisis, while Trump has famously called climate change a hoax.

How do wars end? Not usually with unconditional surrender.

8 hours ago
Peretz Partensky/Wiki Commons

The civil war in Syria may be entering a decisive phase. Forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad have seized almost all of the key city of Aleppo from rebels. Some analysts are talking about the end of the war. But how do wars end?

Americans tend to think of wars ending with the unconditional surrender of one side, as happened in World War II and in America’s own Civil War. But that’s pretty unusual, according to Gideon Rose, the editor of Foreign Affairs magazine, and author of the book, “How Wars End.”  

There are many ways that President-elect Donald Trump has begun the process of doing exactly what he promised on the campaign trail vis-a-vis immigration. He’s chosen for his cabinet hard-liners on immigration and continued his tough rhetoric on who we allow into the US as refugees.

Yang Kyung-soo, Yakchjkii, South Korea&nbsp;

Artist Yang Kyung-soo believes South Korean office culture represents a mix of two things: Confucianism and military hierarchy.

The result is an atmosphere in which employees must “follow their boss’ orders without exception,” the 32-year-old says, adding the he doesn’t think office workers "have any freedom to express their own opinions at their jobs.”

This top-down dynamic is the subject of his popular single-frame illustration series called "Yakchjkii."

A fake US Embassy operated for 10 years in Ghana

15 hours ago
Luc Gnago

For the last 10 years, Ghana had two US embassies. One is an imposing, high-security building, surrounded by wide lawns and palm trees. The other was a small office building covered in peeling paint.

And while both of them issued documents meant to grant permission to travel to the United States, only the first did so legally and with the approval of Washington, DC.

The other "embassy" was an elaborate scam, run to exploit people from across West Africa hoping to travel to the States. People would be lured to the fake embassy and charged for travel documents.

Mohammad Sayed is unstoppable. At the age of 19, he is already an inventor and entrepreneur. One half of his business, called RimPower, is providing assistive technologies. The other half is a comic book series centered around the hero Wheelchair Man.

“My goal is to help people in wheelchair[s] both psychologically and physically,” he says. “A world where every wheelchair user is empowered rather than disabled."

Lou Rocha/PRI

Protesters at the Standing Rock Camp in North Dakota spent Sunday evening celebrating: The Army Corps of Engineers said it wouldn't give permission for the Dakota Access Pipeline to run under the Missouri River.

Celebrations were cut short, though, when a ferocious blizzard rolled into the area, with wind gusts up to 50 mph and wind chills near 20 below zero. The camp itself was buried in snow drifts as high as 7 feet.

Journalists aren’t allowed inside Moria refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesbos. So, I probably never would have met Kamal Hassan if it hadn’t been for the fire.

In September, refugees protesting the deplorable conditions in the camp set much of it ablaze. The 4,000 people living inside were forced to evacuate to the road outside the gates.

Luke MacGregor/Reuters

The spike of hate incidents from coast to coast in recent weeks is alarming. In the 10 days following the election of Donald Trump, the Southern Poverty Law Center recorded more than 800 real-world incidents — and that doesn’t even begin to include instances of online harassment.

George Soros, the Holocaust survivor and billionaire philanthropist, wants to track — and combat — this increase in hate incidents. Last month, he announced he would donate $10 million to fight hate crimes nationwide.

Sonia Narang/PRI

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met with US President-elect Donald Trump in New York last week. Abe was the first foreign leader to meet Trump since the US presidential election, and he conveyed to reporters afterward that he hopes to maintain strong ties with the new administration.

It's unclear whether the US-Japan security alliance came up at their meeting, but, during his campaign, Trump repeatedly said that Japan should pay more for hosting US forces. 

Jodi Hilton/PRI

The Israeli government offers cash and free flights to African asylum seekers who agree to return home or fly to other African countries — an incentive to get them to leave. The measure is bringing down the number of African migrants in Israel, currently about 45,000.

But an inadvertent effect of this policy is that some African men — hoping to get smuggled to Europe — are abandoning their families in Israel to claim the government cash. 

Courtesy of the&nbsp;<a href="http://archives.ihrc.umn.edu/vitrage/all/ha/ihrc894.html">Philip Khuri Hitti Papers</a>, Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

By 2020, every high school student in California’s public and charter schools will be able to take at least one ethnic studies class.

It’s thanks to a bill that California state Rep. Luis Alejo and the California Latino Legislative Caucus. In doing so, they joined the ranks of educators, students, activists and elected officials who have pushed for courses that better reflect America’s changing demographics.

Fidel Castro's capitalist legacy: the tracksuit

Dec 6, 2016
Handout via Reuters/Alex Castro/AIN

The classic image we have of the late Cuban leader Fidel Castro is that of a bearded man in military fatigues — the uniform of revolution. But in his later years, Castro donned another outfit: the retiree tracksuit.

Castro did officially retire from Cuba's presidency in 2006 — though he continued to heavily influence the island nation's leadership — putting his brother Raul in power, where he remains to this day.

In a second-floor classroom at San Francisco’s Washington High School, David Ko is leading freshmen in a discussion about bullying. But it’s not the typical conversation about treating others nicely.

“We’re learning about power — political, economic, social — our race, ethnicity, culture, nationality,” says 14-year-old freshman James Liu.

Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Chancellor Angela Merkel Tuesday lashed populists seeking to exploit Germany's refugee influx, but as she launched into election campaign mode, Merkel set down a tough line on integration — including a ban on the veil worn by many Muslim women.

Leonhard Foege/Reuters

You could be forgiven for thinking Europe is coming undone these days.

First there was Brexit, when British voters chose to leave the European Union. And there's been the rise of parties opposed to European integration in several countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany.

This past weekend, voters in Italy rejected changes in their constitution, turning against their pro-EU leader Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. He has announced his resignation.

Guess which city has the strictest Airbnb laws

Dec 5, 2016
Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters&nbsp;

There's a showdown in Europe that involves housing.

Simply put: There's a shortage of affordable places to live. Especially places to rent.

Residents put some of the blame for that on home-sharing websites like Airbnb. They say these sites allow landlords to fill their apartments with lucrative short-term rentals instead of more affordable long-term ones.

The odds were stacked against Mamadou Sissoko arriving at Sciences Politiques, better known as Sciences Po, one of France’s most elite universities. He was born in Mali, and at the age of 7, moved to a Paris immigrant suburb. It’s a place where people don’t talk much about the highest echelon of the country’s higher-education system.

“I didn’t know what Sciences Po was,” Sissoko says, “until my last year of high school.”

Photo by&nbsp;Dimitris Michalakis/Reuters.

EDITOR'S NOTE: The information in this article has been adapted for Thanksgiving in an app that sends you to the various vetted charities mentioned in this article.

The fate of refugees in Europe has gripped the world’s attention following the publication of the image of the body of one victim: a 3-year-old Syrian boy washed up on a Turkish beach.

Erika Beras

Marta Sam is surrounded by really energetic 4-year-olds. She’s at St. Martin’s Day Care in Erie, Pennsylvania, guiding the kids as they sing and dance.

Sam sings in Arabic, then English. She takes the students through a Congolese song, followed by "Five Little Monkeys Jumping On The Bed." The kids follow her cues, dancing and calling out their favorite songs. Sam is used to this.

By now, you've probably heard the news out of North Dakota

After many months of protests — and with tensions mounting — the Army Corp of Engineers announced the Dakota Access Pipeline would not, for now at least, be able to pass through the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.

Courtesy of Yes

The opening credits to Fauda are thrilling on their own: high energy music with a Middle Eastern twist, scenes of guys with big guns, beautiful women, sex and death. It’s no wonder people are hooked.

Mike Segar/Reuters&nbsp;

Morning, noon and night.

It seems that President-elect Donald Trump is always on Twitter.

Always ready to give his opinion, or, his advice.

But it turns out that more than a few people have no idea what Trump's been saying on Twitter — because they've been blocked from even seeing his tweets.

People like 16-year-old Antonio Del Otero. He's a junior at Huron High School in Detroit, Michigan, and a couple months ago, he tweeted something kind of mean at Trump.

“Basically I called him a 'reject Cheeto,'” says Del Otero.

Thierry Gouegnon/Reuters

There’s been another upset at the polls. In terms of size and population, The Gambia doesn't come close to the United States. But like in the States, few thought there was any chance of an upset in presidential elections that were held Thursday across The Gambia.

So much for experts, again.

“I hereby declare Adama Barrow duly elected president of the Republic of Gambia for the next five years,'' Alieu Momarr Njai, the head of the election commission, announced Friday.

"Gabriel Garcia Marquez is our inspiration."

That's what Juancho Valencia of the Colombian band Puerto Candelaria says. And when you hear their music, I gotta say, their sound does appear to leap off the pages of Gabo's writing.

El Tiempo/Reuters

There are a lot of great opening lines in literature. But this one by the late Gabriel Garcia-Marquez is among the best: "Many years later, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aureliano Buendía was to remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice."

That's the way he starts the book "One Hundred Years of Solitude." The novel is a masterpiece of magical realism, a world where magical elements blend into reality.

It's what Garcia-Marquez is known for.

Michael Peterson/US Air Force

Fifty-three years ago, the United States came closer to nuclear war than ever before, or since.

For 13 days in October 1962 — during the Cuban Missile Crisis — America's nuclear arsenal was kept on high alert. There were nuclear missiles just 90 miles from US soil, in Fidel Castro's Cuba. President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev could have launched a nuclear strike within minutes.

Each week on The World, we feature a unique selection of musicians, and every week we put it together for you here.

Here's the latest, curated by host Marco Werman and director April Peavey. (If you're looking for all the music you heard on the show, go here.)

The Cuban band Los Van Van inspires politics and passion

It’s nearly impossible to find Fred Bronson’s house at night. It’s right outside of Raleigh in a suburban neighborhood dotted with bodegas and small restaurants. The road is bumpy and it’s pitch dark.

After yelling a couple of hellos into the night, Fred steps out of the house. He’s a large man dressed in an old T-shirt, head wrapped in a Confederate flag bandana. He invites me in.

The world breathed a sigh of relief when West Africa’s Ebola outbreak came to an end earlier this year, closing the books on the largest and most deadly epidemic in history.

More than 28,500 people were infected and more than 11,000 died in just two years.

But while the outbreak might already feel like a distant memory, Ebola and other viral hemorrhagic fevers are still a fact of life across communities in Africa.

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