Two Western photojournalists, including an Oscar-nominated film director, were killed Wednesday in the city of Misrata while covering battles between rebels and Libyan government forces. Two others working alongside them were wounded.
British-born Tim Hetherington, co-director of the documentary Restrepo about U.S. soldiers on an outpost in Afghanistan, was killed inside the only rebel-held city in western Libya, said his U.S.-based publicist, Johanna Ramos Boyer. The city has come under weeks of relentless shelling by government troops.
Chris Hondros, a New York-based photographer for Getty Images, was also killed. His work appeared in major magazines and newspapers around the world, and his awards include the Robert Capa Gold Medal, one of the highest prizes in war photography.
Many circumstances of the incident were unclear. A statement from Hetherington's family said he was killed by a rocket-propelled grenade.
The Washington Post reported that the journalists had gone with rebel fighters to Tripoli Street in the center of Misrata, scene of some of the most intense recent fighting in the city.
James Hider, Middle East correspondent for the Times of London, was at the hospital in Misrata when an ambulance pulled up and an American photographer came out splattered with blood. Hider said she implored the drivers to go back, saying, "Tim and Chris have been hit."
Within a few minutes, Hider said, another ambulance arrived, carrying Hetherington and British freelance photographer Guy Martin.
Hetherington was bleeding heavily from his leg and died about 15 minutes after he reached the triage facility, while Hondos died after suffering a severe brain injury from shrapnel, the Post reported.
Martin, who is affiliated with the Panos photo agency, and photographer Michael Christopher Brown were treated for shrapnel wounds, doctors said.
"It would be an extremely serious condition in a normal city. But in a city where there's no evacuation, where the facilities are already overloaded," Hider told NPR's Michele Norris, "the doctors just aren't experienced in this kind of massive trauma. The people you see treating the head trauma — they're oncologists, they're pediatric surgeons."
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's forces have intensified their weekslong assault on Libya's third-largest city, firing tank shells and rockets into residential areas, according to witnesses and human rights groups. NATO commanders have admitted their airpower is limited in being able to protect civilians in a city — the core mission of the international air campaign.
In Washington, D.C., the White House expressed sadness over the attack and called on Libya and other governments to take steps to protect journalists.
"Journalists across the globe risk their lives each day to keep us informed, demand accountability from world leaders and give a voice to those who would not otherwise be heard," press secretary Jay Carney said.
Hetherington, 40, was killed a day after he tweeted: "In besieged Libyan city of Misrata. Indiscriminate shelling by Qaddafi forces. No sign of NATO."
"Tim was in Libya to continue his ongoing multimedia project to highlight humanitarian issues during times of war and conflict," Hetherington's family said in a statement. "He will be forever missed."
Hetherington was nominated for an Academy Award for his 2010 documentary film Restrepo. The film was co-directed by Sebastian Junger, author of War and The Perfect Storm.
"He was an amazing talent and special human being," Sundance Institute spokeswoman Brooks Addicott said in a statement. "We send our sincere condolences to the Hetherington family, to Sebastian Junger and Daniela Petrova, and to Tim's many admirers all over the world."
Hetherington was born in Liverpool and studied literature and photojournalism at Oxford University. Known for his gutsy ability to capture conflict zones on film, his credits included working as a cameraman on the documentaries Liberia: An Uncivil War and The Devil Came on Horseback. He also produced pieces for ABC News' Nightline.
Hetherington's photos appeared in Vanity Fair magazine, where he worked as a contributing photographer. He won the World Press Photo of the Year award for his coverage of U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan's Korengal Valley.
Restrepo tells the story of the 2nd Platoon of Battle Company in the 173rd Airborne Combat Team on its deployment in Afghanistan in 2007 and 2008. The title refers to the platoon outpost, named after a popular soldier, Juan Restrepo, who was killed early in the fighting.
"We're at war," Hetherington said in an interview with the AP before the Oscars. "We wanted to bring the war into people's living room and put it into the movie theaters, and get people to connect with it. It's not necessarily about moral outrage. It's about trying to understand that we're at war and try to understand the emotional terrain of what being at war means."
NPR photographer David Gilkey, on assignment in Afghanistan, said Wednesday that the film "for the first time really brought home and personalized what was going on over here."
Hondros, 41, had covered conflict zones since the late 1990s, capturing clutching, jeering and fearful moments from war zones including Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan. One front-page New York Times photo from 2007 showed a Humvee patrol in Iraq from a different angle: the ruddy hands of an Iraqi interpreter and a pair of muddied boots belonging to a gunner.
"He has an intimacy in his work," said Swayne Hall, a longtime friend who works as a photo editor with The Associated Press. "Some people will use a long lens so they don't have to get up close. But Chris will get up close — he's just not afraid to be with whatever he's photographing."
Gilkey had worked with Hondros all over the world, including in Haiti after last year's massive earthquake. "You know you're at a very big news situation when you run into Chris," he said. "It's at that level. He's one of the world's best conflict photographers. It's not just conflict; he can also add something really beautiful to Haiti — a really, really, really unique perspective, and I think that's what drove him. Whenever you saw him out, you knew he was going to do something that was out of the ordinary."
Former colleagues said Hondros had a good attitude, a great eye for detail and a personable nature.
"He is highly intelligent, and he knows the big picture of world events. And that helped him so much," said former boss Johnny Horne of the Fayetteville Observer, where Hondros worked from 1996 to 1998. "Chris was able to make a connection with people."
Paul Woolverton, a friend who was with the family in Fayetteville, N.C., said Hondros moved to New York City and saved his money working as a night editor for the AP in order to get overseas.
"He went to the city to pursue his dream, and he got it," Woolverton said.
Hondros was born in New York City and moved to Fayetteville as a child. He studied English literature at North Carolina State University and got a master's degree at Ohio University's School of Visual Communications. After working for the Observer and the AP, he freelanced and eventually became senior staff photographer at Getty.
"He quickly became the photographer who was just special, really special," Hall said. "Our friends would always talk about the fact that he had such a big, fun personality, and the skills."
Hondros planned to be married this summer to a former photo editor-turned attorney, Christina Piaia. He is survived by a brother, Dean, and his mother, Inge.
The bodies of Hondros and Hetherington were to be shipped out on the Ionian Spirit, a passenger ferry that had just delivered food and medical supplies to Misrata, said Human Rights Watch spokeswoman Emma Daly.
Two other journalists have been killed in the Libyan conflict, according to the New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists. An unknown gunman killed Mohammed al-Nabbous, founder of the online Libya Al-Hurra TV, in the rebel stronghold of Benghazi on March 19. Cameraman Ali Hassan al-Jaber was shot when his Al-Jazeera crew was ambushed near Benghazi on March 13.
Material from The Associated Press was used in this report.