4:19pm

Tue July 19, 2011
Planet Money

Requiem For Pork Bellies

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange ended trading in pork-belly futures last Friday.

When I heard the news, I dialed up the Merc's meat pit, and Brian Muno answered the phone. He's worked in the trading pit since 1975. And his father had been working there when the pork belly futures contract was invented, in the early sixties.

Muno had no sentimentality for the end of the pork-belly contract. A pragmatist by trade, he explained that the contract had far outlived its due.

Before the rise of pork bellies, Muno says, the most of the trades on the Merc were butter and egg futures.

Then traders realized they could buy up shares of frozen pork bellies in Chicago warehouses and sell them off when demand for bacon rose. Pork bellies became the most popular product on the trading floor in Chicago.

Muno explains:

...if it cost them a dollar a pound to keep bellies in storage for a month, if they could sell those March bellies for a dollar and a half higher than they had [bought] them in February, they could make fifty cents a pound by doing so.

March was always a good time for pork bellies, Muno says, because of Easter brunch. The really big season for bellies, though, was late summer — tomato season. (Pork bellies +tomatoes = BLTs.)

Bacon is still popular. So why is the pork-belly trade dead?

A few reasons, says Muno. "Now the industry standard is more of a fresh belly, they don't want a frozen belly. Once the hog is butchered, they take that belly, and they're gonna slice it right then."

And Chicago traders now have lots of other options: S&P futures, currency futures, interest rate futures.

And demand for bacon is no longer changes with the season.

"Bacon on anything to me is good," Muno says. "Bacon cheeseburger, bacon pizza. . . maybe that's just me."

It's not just him.

Copyright 2011 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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