4:41pm

Wed July 13, 2011
Remembrances

Arctic Exhibit In Texas Highlights A Lifetime Of Work

Originally published on Wed May 23, 2012 11:40 am

While the weather is sultry in Houston, the Menil Collection has a cool exhibit about ancient Arctic cultures.

"Upside Down" is a rare display of artifacts from a place where there is still much to be discovered.

Show Re-Creates Arctic Environment

When people picture archaeologists hard at work in a far-flung dig, they might imagine the deserts of the Middle East, the ruins of South America or the great savannah in Africa. But in the early 1950s, archaeologist and anthropologist Ted Carpenter created a unique trail of discovery by going alone to the Canadian Arctic to live with a family of Inuit hunters.

"[He went] there with nothing and [survived] on the land with an Arctic family," says Sean Mooney, curator of the show. "And he wintered in Arctic Canada in 1951-52 during a period of extreme famine."

Mooney helped Carpenter create the exhibit, which was first staged at the Musee du quai Branly in Paris before coming to Houston. The show itself exists inside a re-creation of Arctic color, light and space.

"In winter, the horizon recedes," Carpenter wrote about life in the Canadian Arctic. "There is no perspective, no outline, nothing the eye can cling to — a land without bottom or edge."

To re-create that environment in the museum, Kristina Van Dyke, the museum's curator of collections and research, says they had to knock down all the walls and raise the floor

"So when you enter the space what you see is just a vast white space and the white floor actually goes all the way to the edge of the wall and starts to curve up towards the wall," she says

Part of the exhibition is a circular maze of cases of ancient Arctic figures, ornaments and tools made from walrus ivory, bone, wood and metal. Artifacts from Dorset, Ekven, Ipiutak and other Old Bering Sea cultures are displayed.

"There's a Maori pendant where the attachment to the pendant is actually on the figure's feet. So when the object is hung on a necklace, the pendant hangs facing down upside down," she says. "And you as a wearer bring it up, you put it in your hand and bring it up in order to orient it right side up."

Thus the exhibition's name: "Upside Down." Many of the artifacts relate to transformation, and Van Dyke says they weren't carved to be displayed on a table or inside a case but to be handled, twisted and turned.

"If you look down at the object you see what looks like a human figure with the face turned up and arms extended," she says. "Now if you look at the object in profile you see what looks like a seal with seal flippers. And this is an important idea. It goes back to the idea of imminence; one thing can change into another."

As beautiful and unique as the ancient artifacts are, the exhibition space itself gives them a run for their money. Speakers hanging from the ceiling move sounds of the Arctic wind and Eskimo chants in waves across the large and largely empty white space. Visitors have to put on booties or take off their shoes so as not to scuff the pristine white floor. As you approach a far wall, the floor — almost undetected — becomes a wall of ceremonial dance masks floating shadowless in space.

"To me this is the most effective and beautiful part of Doug's installation, this corner," she says. "Because you're having an almost out-of-body experience; you really can't tell where one thing starts and another ends."

The exhibition is ending on a sad note, however. Ted Carpenter died July 1at the age of 88 in Southampton, N.Y. He leaves behind both a collection of ancient artifacts and intellectual insights into the nature of these Arctic tribes.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

NORRIS: While the weather is downright sultry in Houston, the Menil Collection has a cool exhibit. It's about ancient Arctic cultures.

NPR's Wade Goodwin checked it out and found a rare display of artifacts from a place that's not well known.

WADE GOODWIN: When you picture archeologists hard at work in some far flung dig, you probably imagine the deserts of the Middle East or the ruins of South America or the Great Savannah in Africa. But in the early 1950s, archeologist and anthropologist Ted Carpenter created a unique trail of discovery by going alone to the Canadian Arctic to live with a family of Inuit hunters.

Mr. SEAN MOONEY (Curator, "Upside Down," Menil Collection): Going there was nothing and just surviving on the land with an Arctic family. And he wintered in Arctic Canada in 1951, '52, during a period of extreme famine.

GOODWYN: Curator Sean Mooney helped Carpenter create the show "Upside Down," staged first at the Musee du quai Branly in Paris and now at the Menil in Houston. The show exists inside a lovely recreation of Arctic color, light and space.

Mr. MOONEY: In mind, the Menil installation is a bit more successful in creating that sort of simple, clean, white environment.

GOODWYN: In winter, the horizon recedes, Carpenter wrote about life in the Canadian Arctic. There is no perspective, no outline, nothing the eye can cling to - a land without bottom or edge.

Ms. KRISTINA VAN DYKE (Curator, Collections and Research, Menil Collection): We first came and knocked down all the walls. And then we had to build the floor up.

GOODWYN: Kristina Van Dyke is the curator for collections and research at the Menil.

Ms. VAN DYKE: So when you enter the space, what you see is just this vast white space, and the white floor actually goes all the way to the edge of the wall and starts to curve up towards the wall.

GOODWYN: Part of the exhibition is a circular maze of cases of ancient Arctic figures, ornaments, and tools made from walrus ivory, bone, wood and metal. Artifacts from Dorset, Ekven, Ipiutak and other Old Bering Sea cultures are displayed.

Ms. VAN DYKE: There's a Maori pendant. The attachment to the pendant is actually on the figure's feet. So when the object is hung on a necklace, the pendant hangs facing down - upside down - and that you as a wearer actually bring it up. You put it in your hand and bring it up to look at it, in order to orient it right side up.

GOODWYN: Thus the exhibition's name: "Upside Down." Many of these artifacts are transformative. Van Dyke says these pieces were not carved to be displayed on a table or inside a case, but to be handled, twisted and turned.

Ms. VAN DYKE: If you look down on the object, you see what looks like a human figure with the face turned up and arms extended. Now, if you look at the object again in profile, from another angle, you see what looks like a seal with seal flippers. And this is a really important idea, it goes back to this idea of imminence, one thing can change into another.

(Soundbite of Eskimos chanting)

GOODWYN: As beautiful and unique as the ancient artifacts are, the exhibition space itself gives them a run for their money. Speakers hanging from the ceiling move sounds of the Arctic wind and Eskimo chants in waves across the large and largely empty white space. Visitors have to put on booties or take off their shoes so as not to scuff the pristine white floor. As you approach a far wall, the floor, almost undetected, becomes a wall of ceremonial dance masks floating shadowless in space.

Ms. VAN DYKE: And to me, this is the most effective and beautiful part of Doug's installation, this corner. Because it's just - you're, like you're having almost like an out of body experience; and you really can't tell where one thing starts and another ends.

GOODWYN: The exhibition is ending on a sad note, though. Ted Carpenter died July 1st at the age of 88 in Southampton, New York. He leaves behind a collection of ancient artifacts and intellectual insights into the nature of these Arctic tribes.

Wade Goodwyn, NPR News, Dallas. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.