The 2011 Pritzker Architecture Prize goes to Eduardo Souto de Moura, a Portuguese architect who blends modernism with tradition and history. Souto de Moura, 58, has built mostly in his home country and was previously not well-known in the United States.
Souto de Moura is known for incorporating local history, context and landscape into his work. The jury praised his buildings for having "a unique ability to convey seemingly conflicting characteristics — power and modesty, bravado and subtlety, bold public authority and sense of intimacy — at the same time."
In Western Europe he has designed everything from homes to museums to a stadium in Braga, Portugal. One side of the stadium ends at a mountain — the architect had the rock dynamited with artistic precision, blending the crushed granite into the stadium's concrete. The Pritzker jury described the stadium as "muscular, monumental and very much at home within its powerful landscape."
The Pritzker Prize — often called "Architecture's Nobel" — was expected to be announced in early April, but a Spanish newspaper leaked the news on Monday.
RENEE MONTAGNE, Host:
Now let's hear about someone who keeps his infrastructure simple: the winner of this year's Pritzker Prize for Architecture. He's a Portuguese architect, not too well-known in the U.S. His pictures are straight forward and draw on local traditions. Edward Lifson reports.
EDWARD LIFSON: When he showed me the stadium in Braga, which is probably one of his most eloquent buildings...
LIFSON: Terence Riley is the former chief curator of architecture and design at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
RILEY: It's built right into a rocky slope. It's as much a landscape project as it is a stadium.
LIFSON: Souto de Moura dynamited the mountain to make it one end of the stadium. He mixed the crushed granite into the concrete. But beyond any kind of physical beauty, it's also the social concern that really pleases Terence Riley.
RILEY: He took great care to site the building, so that those who couldn't afford to pay to buy a ticket, could climb up on the rocky slopes around the stadium, and get a free view from there. And he pointed out that it's a tradition in Portuguese stadiums, that you try to create an opportunity for those who cannot afford a ticket to get a view from outside.
LIFSON: For NPR News, I'm Edward Lifson
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