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2:28pm

Tue August 18, 2015
Parallels

The World's Most Trafficked Mammal Is One You May Never Have Heard Of

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 7:06 pm

A pangolin is released into the wild by officials at a conservation forest in Indonesia in 2013. The animal was among 128 pangolins confiscated by customs officers from a smuggler's boat off Sumatra.
Jefri Tarigan AP

Lisa Hywood remembers the first time she ever set eyes on a pangolin. It was in 1994, and she had just founded the Tikki Hywood Trust, a wildlife conservation sanctuary in Zimbabwe. One morning, someone dropped off a strange-looking, injured creature that had been confiscated from an illegal trader.

"This animal arrived in a sack and smelling something horrendous," she recalls. "And I looked at this animal and I thought it's like no other mammal that I've ever encountered."

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2:25pm

Tue August 18, 2015
Movies

Documentary Revisits The 'Dazzling' Polemics Of The Buckley-Vidal Debates

William F. Buckley (left) and Gore Vidal square off on Nov. 5, 1968.
ABC Photo Archives ABC via Getty Images

After the Republicans held their lively first debate, you heard people saying what they always say nowadays — that our media-driven political discourse has become shallow and petty, even clownish. Hearing this, an innocent young person might believe that, not so long ago, America was a latter-day Athens in which political arguments were magnificent in their purity and eloquence.

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2:25pm

Tue August 18, 2015
Movie Interviews

Lily Tomlin At 75: The Actress Discusses Great Roles, Old Cars And Coming Out

Originally published on Wed August 19, 2015 7:47 am

Actress Lily Tomlin (second from right) poses with wife writer Jane Wagner (second from left) and friends Elaine Barbour (left) and Vivian Schneider before the 2014 Kennedy Center Honors in Washington.
Mike Theiler Reuters/Landov

The star of the film Grandma and the Netflix series Grace and Frankie married her partner of 42 years, Jane Wagner, in 2013. She spoke with Fresh Air about being more open about her sexuality.

"I've been out for ... 10 or 11 or 12 years or something. I mean, finally somebody printed it. ... [If asked about her sexuality during a 1989 interview with Terry Gross] I probably would have said something like, um ... 'yes, I am.' I couldn't have lied — it would have been too diminishing to lie."

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1:45pm

Tue August 18, 2015
The Two-Way

3 Things You Should Know About Birthright Citizenship

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 2:55 pm

A map showing countries that grant birthright citizenship to children born to illegal immigrants.
Center for Immigration Studies

Every few years, the common law concept of jus soli -- or birthright citizenship — comes back into the news.

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12:58pm

Tue August 18, 2015
The Two-Way

Accusations Of Game-Throwing Rile Little League Softball World Series

Originally published on Thu August 20, 2015 6:19 pm

There's trouble afoot this week at the Little League Softball World Series in Portland, Ore.
RBFried iStockphoto

A scandal rocked the Little League Softball World Series in Portland, Ore., this week when a team from Snohomish, Wash., allegedly threw a game to prevent an Iowa team from advancing to the semifinals.

The Central Iowa All-Stars won their most recent game against Canada 7-0 and finished pool play with a 3-1 record. To advance to the semifinals, however, they needed the Snohomish team, US West, to win or score at least three runs against a team that Central Iowa had already defeated.

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12:51pm

Tue August 18, 2015
Shots - Health News

High Cost Of Diabetes Drugs Often Goes Overlooked

After the blood sugar check, it may be time for a diabetes medicine whose price has jumped.
iStockphoto

When it comes to treating chronic conditions, diabetes drugs aren't nearly as sexy as say, Sovaldi, last year's breakthrough hepatitis C drug that offers a cure for the chronic liver infection at a price approaching six figures.

Yet an estimated 29 million people in the U.S. have diabetes — about 10 times the number of people with hepatitis C — and many of them will take diabetes drugs for the rest of their lives. Cost increases for both old and new drugs are forcing many to scramble to pay for them.

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11:03am

Tue August 18, 2015
NPR History Dept.

4 Foods Americans Don't Eat Much Anymore

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 12:18 pm

American eel. Anguilla rostrata.
NOAA Flickr

Strange, isn't it, we remark to Sandra L. Oliver — founder and editor of Food History News — that Americans in the 19th century ate foods such as robins and calf's foot jelly and boiled eels.

She cautions against criticism of previous generations or other cultures. "You are safer not talking 'strange' but rather, perhaps, neglected or abandoned eating habits," she says. "That would include almost any offal — that is, livers, spleen, kidneys, heart, brains, sweetbreads, et cetera."

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10:40am

Tue August 18, 2015
Goats and Soda

The Underage Girls Of Mexico's Sex Trade: Hope Amid The Horror

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 2:55 pm

Maria Fabrizio for NPR

The report that ISIS is forcing girls as young as 12 to become sex slaves is part of a larger issue. In the world today, an estimated 2 million underage girls work in the sex trade.

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8:32am

Tue August 18, 2015
The Two-Way

Indonesian Officials Find No Survivors In Wreckage Of Downed Plane

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 12:27 pm

Indonesian rescue crews have found the wreckage of a Trigana Air Service twin-turboprop that was carrying 54 passengers and crew when it crashed in Papua province over the weekend.

The crews found no survivors, but they did recover the plane's black boxes, which could provide a clue as to why the aircraft crashed en route from the provincial capital of Jayapura to the city of Oksibil, some 175 miles south.

Agence France-Presse reports:

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7:34am

Tue August 18, 2015
Around the Nation

College Student Opts For Solar-Powered House Over Dorm Room

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 8:14 am

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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DAVID GREENE, HOST:

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7:03am

Tue August 18, 2015
It's All Politics

'Spice' It Up! Trump Factor Takes Toll On 'Blanded' Walker

Republican presidential candidate and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker speaks at the Iowa State Fair, where he encountered protesters over his record in Wisconsin.
Charlie Neibergall AP

No Republican presidential hopeful this year has more riding on Iowa than Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker.

After leading in polls in Iowa most of the year, Walker is suddenly slumping. And he might have Donald Trump to blame.

It's not necessarily that the support Walker had earlier in the summer, when he was the clear front-runner in Iowa polls, has gone to the real estate mogul. Ben Carson, Carly Fiorina and Ted Cruz have seen something of a surge since the first presidential debate.

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7:01am

Tue August 18, 2015
Around the Nation

Police Dashboard Camera Records Officer Helping Woman In Labor

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 8:14 am

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

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6:52am

Tue August 18, 2015
The Two-Way

A Second Explosion Hits Bangkok, As Police Track Down Suspect In First Blast

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 10:35 am

Investigations continue at the Erawan Shrine the morning after an explosion in Bangkok. Thailand's prime minister promised on Tuesday that authorities would quickly track down those responsible for the bombing.
Mark Baker AP

As police searched for a man they believe is responsible for a blast that killed at least 20 people and injured 140 others on Monday, a second explosion hit Bangkok on Tuesday.

The second explosion was not deadly. According to the Bangkok Post, someone threw a pipe bomb off a bridge. The bomb hit a pillar and detonated, "sending up a large plume of water."

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5:22am

Tue August 18, 2015
NPR Story

Firefighters' Families Demand Answers About Tianjin Chemical Explosion

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 8:14 am

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

5:22am

Tue August 18, 2015
NPR Story

For The First Time, Female Soldiers To Graduate From Army's Ranger School

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 5:50 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

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5:22am

Tue August 18, 2015
NPR Story

U.S. Steel To End Operations At Alabama's Fairfield Works Mill

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 8:14 am

Copyright 2015 WBHM-FM. To see more, visit https://news.wbhm.org.

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DAVID GREENE, HOST:

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5:22am

Tue August 18, 2015
NPR Story

Greek Islanders Struggle To Aid Refugees Without Losing Tourists

Originally published on Thu August 20, 2015 6:44 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

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4:49am

Tue August 18, 2015
Shots - Health News

Medicare Says Doctors Should Get Paid To Discuss End-Of-Life Issues

Originally published on Wed August 19, 2015 2:05 pm

Jo Ann Farwell, a retired social worker, has a brain tumor; she wanted to make sure her sons were clear about her end-of-life wishes. So, after talking with her doctor, she filled out a form that Oregon provides to ease those family conversations.
Alan Sylvestre Kristian Foden-Vencil/Oregon Public Broadcasting

Remember so-called death panels?

When Congress debated the Affordable Care Act in 2009, the legislation included a provision that would have allowed Medicare to reimburse doctors when they meet with patients to talk about end-of-life care.

But then Sarah Palin loudly argued that such payments would lead to care being withheld from the elderly and disabled.

Her assertions greatly distressed Dr. Pamelyn Close, a palliative care specialist in Los Angeles.

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4:46am

Tue August 18, 2015
Politics

Feeling Momentum, Carly Fiorina Visits The Iowa State Fair

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 1:42 pm

Republican presidential candidate Carly Fiorina poses for a photo in front of the Butter Cow while touring the Iowa State Fair on Monday in Des Moines.
Justin Sullivan Getty Images

Republican Carly Fiorina failed to qualify for the main stage at the first GOP presidential debate on Aug. 6 in Cleveland. But recent polls suggest she got a boost from her standout performance in a smaller forum for candidates who were polling at the bottom of the field.

In her bid for the presidency, Fiorina is positioning herself as a conservative alternative to Democrat Hillary Clinton. The former Hewlett-Packard CEO is the only woman in the GOP race, and she has repeatedly criticized Clinton on the campaign trail.

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6:41pm

Mon August 17, 2015
The Salt

Were Carbs A Brain Food For Our Ancient Ancestors?

A group of British researchers has a hunch that once ancient humans learned to cook, starchy foods like root vegetables or grasses could have given them a calorie bump that fueled the evolution of the human brain.
Scott Sherrill-Mix/Flickr

Carbohydrates are a rich source of energy. That's exactly why some of us may feel a bit conflicted about them, since several recent studies and diets have suggested we should cut them to lose weight. (The latest study concluded that total calories matter most if you want to shed pounds.)

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6:18pm

Mon August 17, 2015
Around the Nation

California Rations Birth, Death Certificates Amid Security Paper Shortage

Originally published on Mon August 17, 2015 7:48 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

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6:17pm

Mon August 17, 2015
Politics

White House Plan To Tackle Heroin Abuse Focuses On Treatment

Originally published on Mon August 17, 2015 7:48 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

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6:17pm

Mon August 17, 2015
Business

Bloomberg Columnist: Report On Amazon's Work Culture Not Surprising

Originally published on Mon August 17, 2015 7:48 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

If the reviews are so mixed, why do people continue to seek work at Amazon? Justin Fox is a business columnist for Bloomberg View, and he's written about Amazon on and off for 20 years. Welcome to the program.

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6:17pm

Mon August 17, 2015
It's All Politics

What's In Donald Trump's Immigration Plan And How It Could Affect The GOP

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 8:57 am

Donald Trump continues to lead in the polls and on Sunday released his first policy position — a conservative proposal on immigration.
Seth Wenig AP

Donald Trump began his bid for president saying Mexican immigrants were "rapists," bringing drugs, and "some, I assume, are good people."

And, Sunday he made headlines again talking about immigrants. He rolled out his first detailed policy position, and it was on immigration reform.

His central premise is that immigrants are bad for the U.S. economy, and he ticked off a series of ways to fix both legal and illegal immigration.

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5:41pm

Mon August 17, 2015
The Two-Way

U.S. Army Soldiers Mobilized To Help Suppress Wildfires For First Time Since 2006

Originally published on Mon August 17, 2015 6:35 pm

Western firefighters will be getting help from the U.S. Army for the first time in nine years. Which fire the soldiers will fight has not been announced. In this photo, Sonoma Valley Firefighters put out a hot spot from the Rocky Fire near Clearlake, Calif., earlier this month.
Jeff Chiu AP

The Army is deploying 200 soldiers to help fight wildfires that are burning through about 1.1 million acres across the Western United States. That's according to a press release from the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho.

"It's been nine years since wildfire was so widespread all at once that active military troops joined firefighters battling blazes," NPR's Howard Berkes reports. "Four military C-130 cargo planes are also in use as air tankers."

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5:04pm

Mon August 17, 2015
All Tech Considered

DIY Tractor Repair Runs Afoul Of Copyright Law

Originally published on Wed August 19, 2015 7:05 pm

Farmer Dave Alford can't fix his own tractors like this one because it's run by software with proprietary digital locks.
Laura Sydell/NPR

The iconic image of the American farmer is the man or woman who works the land, milks cows and is self-reliant enough to fix the tractor. But like a lot of mechanical items, tractors are increasingly run by computer software. Now, farmers are hitting up against an obscure provision of copyright law that makes it illegal to repair machinery run by software.

Take Dave Alford. He fits that image of the iconic farmer.

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5:04pm

Mon August 17, 2015
Environment

Navajo Nation Farmers Feel The Weight Of Colorado Mine Spill

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 6:30 am

After the Animas River spill, rancher Irving Shaggy is forced to travel a 70-mile round trip to get water for his livestock. "It's going to be a long struggle," he says.
Laurel Morales KJZZ

The Environmental Protection Agency was investigating an old mine near Silverton, Colo., earlier this month, when it accidentally released 3 million gallons of toxic waste water into the Animas River.

Initially the agency downplayed the incident and provided little information. So Navajo President Russell Begaye traveled to the source of the toxic spill and posted a video of it on Facebook.

In the video, he stands in front of the still-leaking mine.

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4:59pm

Mon August 17, 2015
The Salt

Guzzling 9,000 Years Of History With 'The Comic Book Story Of Beer'

Originally published on Tue August 18, 2015 3:08 pm

Random House

In ancient times, farmers worried about losing precious grain to spoilage during wet winters. So they figured out how to malt grain and brew it into beer, thus preserving a nutritious source of calories. In The Comic Book Story of Beer, due out in September, we get a graphical tour of such pivotal moments — from the cradle of agriculture to the modern-day craft beer heyday.

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4:56pm

Mon August 17, 2015
Space

U.S. Grants Patent For Free-Standing Space Elevator Tower

Originally published on Mon August 17, 2015 7:48 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

Now to space, and we'll take the elevator. The U.S. Patent Office has granted a patent for a freestanding space elevator tower. The idea of a space elevator has long captured the imaginations of writers, from Arthur C. Clarke to Roald Dahl.

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4:49pm

Mon August 17, 2015
The Two-Way

IRS Hack Bigger Than First Thought

The IRS says more taxpayers than it originally believed had their data stolen by hackers. The agency now says the total is more than 300,000.

In May, when it first revealed the breach, the IRS reported some 114,000 taxpayers' data was stolen. But in what the IRS is calling a "deeper analysis" of the breach, it identified an additional 220,000 cases where hackers got access to taxpayer records. The agency says hackers tried, but failed to access the data of some 280,000 more taxpayers.

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