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4:03am

Sat August 1, 2015
The Two-Way

Israeli Officials Promise To Find Arsonists Who Killed Palestinian Child

Originally published on Sat August 1, 2015 1:38 pm

Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah inspects a home that was badly damaged from a suspected attack by Jewish extremists in the West Bank village of Douma. An 18-month-old child was killed and other family members seriously injured.
Prime Minister's Office APA/Landov

Israeli leaders vowed to find the suspected Israeli extremists behind an arson attack that killed a Palestinian toddler early Friday.

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5:48pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Zimbabwe Official Calls For Extradition Of American Lion Hunter Walter Palmer

Zimbabwe is seeking the extradition of Walter Palmer, the American dentist who killed a famous lion named Cecil, which was being tracked in a university study.

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5:47pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Decades Of Limbo Ends For Some Indians, Bangladeshis Along Border

At the stroke of midnight, tens of thousands of Indians and Bangladeshis living near the border between the two countries got their own country for the first time in 70 years.

As part of an agreement between the two nations, the fate of just under 15,000 people living in 51 Bangladeshi enclaves inside India and more than 37,000 in 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh has finally been determined. Most will stay where they are, but change their nationality. Some are moving, and some of them are leaving behind family members.

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5:43pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Environment

As Beijing Prepares To Host Winter Olympics, Where Will It Get The Snow?

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

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5:43pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Goats and Soda

Ebola Vaccine Hailed As 'Game Changer' In Fight Against The Virus

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

A woman receives the rVSV-ZEBOV Ebola vaccine at a clinical trial in Conakry, Guinea. The vaccine appears effective after only one shot.
Cellou Binani AFP/Getty Images

Doctors Without Borders is calling it a "champagne moment." The World Health Organization says it's a "game changer."

In a small trial, an experimental vaccine protected 100 percent of participants who were at high risk for the virus. Although the results are preliminary, they offer new hope of finally stamping out the virus in West Africa — and preventing the next epidemic.

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5:43pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Law

Juvenile Justice System Failing Native Americans, Studies Show

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

Sgt. Barbara Johnson and Corrections Lt. Robbin Preston run the Tuba City Juvenile Detention Center on the Navajo Nation.
Laurel Morales NPR

State courts are twice as likely to incarcerate Native teens for minor crimes such as truancy and alcohol use than any other racial and ethnic group, according to the Tribal Law and Policy Institute. And juvenile detention facilities around the country have a disproportionately high number of Native American youth, according to an Indian Law and Order Commission report.

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5:26pm

Fri July 31, 2015
It's All Politics

Hillary Clinton Releases 8 Years Of Tax Returns

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:16 pm

Democratic presidential hopeful Hillary Clinton at a campaign event in Iowa earlier this week.
Scott Olson Getty Images

This post was updated at 6:45 p.m. ET

Democratic presidential hopeful Hillary Clinton released eight years worth of tax returns Friday, showing that she and her husband Bill Clinton earned $139 million since 2007. They paid nearly $44 million in federal taxes during that period. The couple's effective federal tax rate ranged from 25 percent in 2007 to 36 percent last year.

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4:45pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Salt

Pesticide Drift Threatens Organic Farms

Originally published on Mon August 3, 2015 12:35 pm

Organic farmer Margot McMillen holds a grape leaf damaged by pesticide drift on her farm, Terra Bella Farm, in central Missouri.
Kristofor Husted Harvest Public Media

Chert Hollow Farm sits nestled between rows of tall trees and a nearby stream in central Missouri. Eric and Joanna Reuter have been running the organic farm since 2006. That means they don't plant genetically modified crops and can only use a few approved kinds of chemicals and fertilizers.

"We've traditionally raised about an acre and a half of pretty intensively managed produce, so it's a very productive acre and a half," Eric Reuter says.

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4:42pm

Fri July 31, 2015
NPR Ed

The Plan To Give Pell Grants To Prisoners

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

Education Secretary Arne Duncan (second from left) speaks with inmate Terrell Johnson, a participant in the Goucher College Prison Education Partnership.
Patrick Semansky AP

Education Secretary Arne Duncan and Attorney General Loretta Lynch made a rare joint appearance on Friday — in prison.

They visited a state-run facility in Jessup, Md., to announce a new plan meant to help some of the 700,000 inmates who are released each year.

It's a pilot program to give prisoners access to federal Pell Grants that would pay for college classes behind bars.

"The cost-benefit of this does not take a math genius to figure out," Duncan said. "We lock folks up here, $35-40,000 every single year. A Pell Grant is less than $6,000 each year."

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4:36pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Planet Money

Letting Go Of The Wheel: How Google Is Easing People Into Self-Driving Cars

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

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4:36pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Europe

As Migrants Attempt Trip To The U.K., Many Who Make It Are Minors

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 7:53 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

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3:55pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

U.K. Officials Instructed To Grant Ai Weiwei's Original U.K. Visa Request

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 5:20 pm

Ai Weiwei's original application for a six-month business visa was denied.
Miguel Villagran Getty Images

Dissident Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, who was originally granted only a 20-day visa to visit Britain, will now receive the six-month visa he applied for. A spokesperson for the U.K. Home Office explains that the head of the department, Theresa May, was not consulted over the staff's decision to allow only a shorter stay.

"She has reviewed the case and has now instructed Home Office officials to issue a full six-month visa," the spokesperson says. "We have written to Mr. Ai apologizing for the inconvenience caused."

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3:42pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Judge Says Virginia Can Refuse To Issue Confederate License Plates

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 4:55 pm

Close on the heels of a U.S. Supreme Court decision that granted Texas the right to refuse to issue Confederate-themed license plates, a federal judge has effectively vacated a state injunction in Virginia that kept officials there from similarly blocking such plates.

Judge Jackson L. Kiser will issue a separate written order on whether the 1,700 Confederate license plates that have already been issued can be recalled by the state.

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3:35pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Alan Cheuse, Novelist And Longtime NPR Contributor, Dies At 75

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 5:10 pm

Alan Cheuse, the novelist, teacher and longtime literary commentator for NPR, has died at the age of 75. His daughter, Sonya, confirmed that he died Friday of injuries sustained in a car accident in California two weeks ago.

"On behalf of the family, we are in deep grief at the loss of our beloved father, husband and grandfather," Sonya Cheuse told NPR. "He was the brightest light in our family. He will always remain in our hearts. We thank everyone for the outpouring of love and support."

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3:19pm

Fri July 31, 2015
It's All Politics

Hillary Clinton's Doctor Says She's Healthy Enough To Be President

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 6:21 pm

In a health care statement released Friday, a New York doctor wrote that Hillary Clinton "is in excellent physical condition and fit to serve as President of the United States."
Getty Images

The State Department's latest dump of Hillary Clinton's emails may dominate the news cycle in the coming days, but her campaign also released another crucial document on Friday — a clean bill of health for the Democratic front-runner.

The confirmation comes from Lisa Bardack, a New York-based doctor who has been Clinton's physician since 2001. In a letter, she declares Clinton "a healthy-appearing female," saying that Clinton exercises regularly, eats plenty of vegetables and fruits, doesn't smoke, and "drinks alcohol only occasionally."

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2:44pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Salt

Cheetos, Canned Foods, Deli Meat: How The U.S. Army Shapes Our Diet

Originally published on Mon August 3, 2015 11:40 am

The U.S. military's need for longer-lasting rations led to the invention of many modern processed foods.
Library of Congress

Many of the foods that we chow down on every day were invented not for us, but for soldiers.

Energy bars, canned goods, deli meats — all have military origins. Same goes for ready-to-eat guacamole and goldfish crackers.

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2:33pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Dylann Roof Pleads Not Guilty To Federal Hate Crime Charges

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 4:01 pm

Dylann Roof, 21, charged with murdering nine worshippers at a historic black church in Charleston, S.C., in June, listens during court proceedings earlier this month.
Randall Hill Reuters/Landov

Updated at 4 p.m. ET

A judge entered pleas of not guilty to 33 federal hate crime counts against Dylann Roof, the white suspect accused of gunning down nine parishioners at a black church in Charleston, S.C., last month.

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2:20pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Federal Court Places A Stay On Order Compelling NCAA To Pay Athletes

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 3:01 pm

One day before a district court ruling was to go into effect that would force the NCAA to allow colleges to pay student-athletes $5,000 per year, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has placed a stay on that order.

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1:59pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Television

For Key And Peele, Biracial Roots Bestow Special Comedic 'Power'

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

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1:59pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Television

Jon Stewart, Faking It and Making It

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVE DAVIES, BYLINE: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Dave Davies. Next week, Jon Stewart ends his 16-year run as host of "The Daily Show" on Comedy Central. A lot of "Daily Show" viewers share the sentiment expressed by President Obama when he made his seventh and final appearance on the show last week.

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1:43pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

#NPRReads: Considering The Language Of Wine And What's In A Toddler's Mouth

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 1:59 pm

A piece by conceptual artist Lenka Clayton called "63 Objects Taken from My Son's Mouth."
cupofjo.com

#NPRreads is a weekly feature on Twitter and on The Two-Way. The premise is simple: Correspondents, editors and producers throughout our newsroom share pieces that have kept them reading. They share tidbits using the #NPRreads hashtag — and on Fridays, we highlight some of the best stories.

This week, we bring you four items.

From NPR producer Sarah Handel:

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1:20pm

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Marine Version Of F-35 Deemed 'Combat Ready'

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 2:15 pm

A Marine Corps F-35B Joint Strike Fighter does a short takeoff (STOVL) from Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Md., in 2011. Eighteen years after development began, a version of the plane designed for the Marine Corps is expected to be deemed "combat ready."
Cliff Owen AP

Updated at 2 p.m. ET

Eighteen years and nearly $400 billion since engineers begin outlining the initial concept, a small squadron of F-35B Lightning IIs has finally been declared ready to fight.

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12:54pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Goats and Soda

She Owes Her Activism To A Brave Mom, The ADA And Chocolate Cake

Originally published on Sat August 1, 2015 11:20 am

Using a digital device that displays Braille characters, Haben Girma talks with President Obama at a White House ceremony marking the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
White House photo/Courtesy of Haben Girma

To Haben Girma's grandmother, back in East Africa, it "seemed like magic." Her granddaughter, born deaf and blind, is a graduate of Harvard Law School and works as a civil rights attorney.

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12:49pm

Fri July 31, 2015
Shots - Health News

Toxic Lead Contaminates Some Traditional Ayurvedic Medicines

Originally published on Mon August 3, 2015 4:24 pm

Nisha Saini has been practicing an Indian traditional health form called Ayurveda for more than 16 years. She runs a small alternative health center in Manhattan called New York Ayurveda, where customers can get massages and dietary advice. Over the counter, Saini sells an extensive array of traditional remedies concocted from herbs and spices. But there's one kind of Ayurvedic medicine she doesn't sell.

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12:43pm

Fri July 31, 2015
It's All Politics

Despite High Expectations, Sentencing Reform Proposals Still On Ice

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 2:20 pm

Expectations for movement on justice reform had been high, but sources tell NPR that concrete language on sentencing and criminal justice overhauls is still being hotly debated behind closed doors.
David Goldman AP

Advocates and inmates working to overhaul the criminal justice system will have to wait at least a little longer for congressional action.

The Republican leader of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Charles Grassley, said he won't hold a public event on sentencing reform proposals until after the August recess, as language is still being drafted by a bipartisan working group. And in the U.S. House, lawmakers and their aides will spend at least the next five weeks making adjustments to a sweeping bill sponsored by 40 Democrats and Republicans, sources told NPR Friday.

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11:33am

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

Arson Attack That Killed Toddler In West Bank Is Called Terrorism

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 1:07 pm

A Palestinian man mourns alongside the body of a one-and-a-half year old boy, Ali Dawabsheh, during his funeral in Duma village near the West Bank city of Nablus on Friday.
Majdi Mohammed AP

An arson attack in the West Bank that killed an 18-month-old boy was being condemned widely on Friday, but the Palestinian Liberation Organization is putting the blame on the Israeli government.

The attack happened in the early morning hours of Friday when perpetrators firebombed a house in the village of Duma. According to the BBC, the perpetrators left behind some graffiti in Hebrew. On one wall, the Star of David was drawn right next to the word "revenge."

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11:22am

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

New Ebola Vaccine Has '100 Percent' Effectiveness In Early Results

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 1:09 pm

The Ebola vaccine from a trial in Guinea needs to be kept at a temperature of minus 60 degrees Celsius, the World Health Organization says. Storage devices use jet fuel to keep the right temperature for up to five days in the field.
Sean Hawkey Sean Hawkey

In a development that could change the way the deadly Ebola disease is fought, researchers have announced promising results of a new vaccine's trial in Guinea, one of several countries affected by a historic outbreak in West Africa.

"The estimated vaccine efficacy was 100 percent," a team of researchers say.

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11:18am

Fri July 31, 2015
Sports

Summer Olympics 2008 Host Beijing Awarded 2022 Winter Games

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

And the winner is...

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: The International Olympic Committee has the honor to announce the host city of the Olympic Winter Games 2022 - Beijing.

(APPLAUSE)

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11:05am

Fri July 31, 2015
Parallels

Death Of Beloved Lion Heats Up Criticism Of Big Game Hunting

Originally published on Fri July 31, 2015 1:59 pm

The killing of Cecil, a Zimbabwean lion, by a dentist from Minnesota has turned an international spotlight on big game hunting. It's a thriving industry, with more than 1,000 organizations worldwide.

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10:22am

Fri July 31, 2015
The Two-Way

In Report, Justice Accuses St. Louis County Family Court Of Racial Bias

In a scathing 60-page report, the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division says the St. Louis County Family Court has engaged in a pattern or practice of conduct that violates the constitutional rights of children caught up in the juvenile justice system.

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