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6:31pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Hackers Stole Data From More Than 100,000 Taxpayers, IRS Says

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 8:56 am

The IRS says criminals gained access to the accounts of more than 100,000 taxpayers through its online service Get Transcript. The data stolen included taxpayers' Social Security information, when they were born and their street addresses.

At a news conference, IRS Commissioner John Koskinen said criminals made about 200,000 attempts to access tax information; 100,000 of those attempts, made from February to mid-May, were successful.

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6:31pm

Tue May 26, 2015
NPR Ed

Out Of The Classroom And Into The Woods

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 7:23 pm

Kids in the U.S. are spending less time outside. Even in kindergarten, recess is being cut back. But in the small town of Quechee, Vt., a teacher is bucking that trend: One day a week, she takes her students outside — for the entire school day.

It's called Forest Monday.

Eliza Minnucci got the idea after watching a documentary about a forest school in Switzerland where kids spend all day, every day, out in the woods.

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6:11pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Salt

How Dorothea Lange Taught Us To See Hunger And Humanity

Carrot pullers from Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas and Mexico. "We come from all states and we can't make a dollar in this field noways. [sic] Working from seven in the morning until twelve noon, we earn an average of thirty-five cents." California, February 1937
Dorothea Lange Library of Congress

Documentary photographer Dorothea Lange had a favorite saying: "A camera is a tool for learning how to see without a camera."

And perhaps no one did more to reveal the human toll of the Great Depression than Lange, who was born on this day in 1895. Her photographs gave us an unflinching — but also deeply humanizing — look at the struggles of displaced farmers, migrant laborers, sharecroppers and others at the bottom of the American farm economy as it reeled through the 1930s.

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5:42pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Salt

Sip It Slowly, And Other Lessons From The Oldest Tea Book In The World

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:03 pm

A range of Darjeeling tea at Goomtee Tea Estate in Darjeeling, India.
Jeff Koehler for NPR

At least 2,500 years ago, tea, as we know it, was born.

Back then, it was a medicinal concoction blended with herbs, seeds and forest leaves in the mountains of southwest China. Gradually, as manners of processing and drinking tea were refined, it became imbued with artistic, religious, and cultural notes. Under the Tang Dynasty (AD 618–907), the apogee of ancient Chinese prosperity, the drink involved ritual, etiquette and specific utensils. During this period of splendor, the first book dedicated solely to tea was written by Lu Yü.

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5:27pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Sports

As The NBA Conference Finals Wind Down, LeBron James Remains Dominant

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:31 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

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5:27pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Law

Before Cleveland, About 30 Police Departments Entered DOJ Agreements

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:31 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

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5:27pm

Tue May 26, 2015
World

'Journey To Jihad' Tells Story Of Belgian Teenager Who Joined Islamic State

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:31 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

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5:27pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Goats and Soda

How Worried Should We Be About Lassa Fever?

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:31 pm

A single Lassa fever virus particle, stained to show surface spikes — they're yellow — that help the virus infect its host cells.
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

An unidentified New Jersey man died after returning home from West Africa, where he had contracted Lassa fever, a virus that has symptoms similar to those of Ebola. Federal health officials are treating the case with caution because the virus, which commonly is spread by rodents, can occasionally spread from person to person.

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4:43pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Goats and Soda

Blind Waiters Give Diners A Taste Of 'Dinner In The Dark' In Kenya

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 11:21 am

At the "Dinner in the Dark" restaurant that's just opened in Nairobi, a blind waiter leads guests to their table. The photo was taken during a training session — that's why the lights are on.
Courtesy of is Eatout.co.ke

Ignatius Agon practices his greeting: "OK, good evening ladies and gentlemen. My name is Ignatius and I am going to guide you into the dark."

It's Monday, and the first day of training for a new restaurant opening this month in Kenya. Diners will be served in the dark. They'll have to find their food with their forks and eat it in a pitch black room.

And the waiters are blind.

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4:42pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Photographer Mary Ellen Mark Dies At 75

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 9:27 am

Photographer Mary Ellen Mark attends the Leica Los Angeles grand opening on June 20, 2013. Mark died Monday. She was 75.
Todd Williamson Invision for Leica

Mary Ellen Mark, the influential photographer known mostly for her humanist work, has died. She was 75.

Mark died Monday, a representative said Tuesday. The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that she died in New York.

Mark's work appeared in Life, New York Times Magazine, Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair. Her photo essay on runaway children in Seattle became the basis of Streetwise, an Academy Award-nominated film that was directed by her husband, Martin Bell.

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4:39pm

Tue May 26, 2015
It's All Politics

Despite An Economy On The Rise, American Paychecks Remain Stuck

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 7:21 pm

Seattle Space Needle elevator operator Michael Hall says despite the success of the attraction, his pay hasn't budged in four years.
Ted S. Warren AP

As candidates hit the campaign trail, NPR looks at four major issues the next president will face from Day 1 in office.

For seven years, Michael Hall has been guiding tourists to the top of Seattle's Space Needle and back. It's a unique vantage point from which to watch the ups and downs of Americans' paychecks.

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4:35pm

Tue May 26, 2015
It's All Politics

What Will The Next President Face On #Day1?

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 10:03 am

The next president to occupy the Oval Office will confront four seemingly intractable problems: stagnant wages, cybersecurity, violent extremism and federal debt.
Jewel Samad AFP/Getty Images

Presidential candidates are doing what they have to do at this point in the campaign season — they're raising money and strutting their biographies and electoral viability to voters. We haven't heard much yet about policy papers or what they would actually do if they win. But those policy issues will matter — as the campaign picks up steam and especially once the next president steps into the Oval Office on Day 1.

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4:30pm

Tue May 26, 2015
NPR Ed

NYU Changes Its Policy On Reviewing Applicants' Criminal Background

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 8:24 pm

New York University announced it will not require the criminal record of prospective students in the first round of the admissions process.
Jpellgen Flickr

Students applying for college supply all sorts of information — financial records, letters of recommendation, the personal essay — to name just a few.

One big question they face: Do you have a criminal record?

The question appears on the Common Application — the website that prospective students use to apply to more than 500 schools across the U.S. and abroad.

Most students don't even think about it. But for some applicants, it's a reason not to apply.

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4:26pm

Tue May 26, 2015
All Tech Considered

Higher-Tech Fake Eggs Offer Better Clues To Wild-Bird Behavior

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 8:39 pm

One of these things is not like the other: A 3-D printed model of a beige cowbird egg stands out from its robin's egg nest mates, though their shape and heft are similar.
Ana Lopez/Courtesy of Mark Hauber

Since the 1960s, biologists have made fake eggs for some studies of bird behavior. But Mark Hauber of Hunter College in New York says this kind of scientific handicraft is not exactly his forte.

"I'm a terrible craftsperson," he admits.

That's why Hauber is pioneering the use of 3-D printing technology to quickly produce made-to-order fake eggs, taking a bit of old-school science into the 21st century.

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4:22pm

Tue May 26, 2015
World

U.S., Turkey Divided On Support For Rebel Forces In Syria

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 7:01 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

4:00pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Prolific Fantasy And Science-Fiction Writer Tanith Lee Has Died

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 7:35 pm

British science-fiction and fantasy writer Tanith Lee has died, according to her publisher. Lee, 67, was a prolific author who also worked in radio and television; her dozens of books include Don't Bite The Sun and Death's Master -- the latter of which was part of her popular Flat Earth series.

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3:28pm

Tue May 26, 2015
All Tech Considered

Got A Voice For Radio? The Algorithm Speaks

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 9:46 am

iStockphoto

Nearly a thousand of you heeded our call on All Tech Considered to submit a voice sample. The idea: Let a computer algorithm decide if you have a voice for radio.

Now, we've got the results.

Actor Wilbur Fitzgerald rated highly (surprise, surprise):

But most of you who responded are not actors. And it turns out, you don't need professional training to impress man or machine.

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3:12pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Federal Appeals Court Leaves Hold On Obama's Immigration Orders

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 6:26 pm

The 5th Circuit Court of Appeals will not lift a hold that has stalled President Obama's plan to shield millions of undocumented immigrants from deportation. The president sought to give temporary protection to people who were brought to the U.S. as children, and to the parents of people who live in the U.S. legally.

The decision blocks an executive action the White House issued late last year and leaves in place a hold that was issued in February by District Judge Andrew Hanen in South Texas.

Update at 4:35 p.m. ET: White House Evaluating Options

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2:39pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Music Reviews

Revisiting The Crystal Clarity Created By The 'Decca Sound' Revolution

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 2:40 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

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TERRY GROSS, HOST:

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2:39pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Shots - Health News

A Neurosurgeon Reflects On The 'Awe And Mystery' Of The Brain

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 2:54 pm

Thomas Dunne Books

Neurosurgeon Henry Marsh has opened heads, cut into brains and performed the most delicate and risky surgeries on the part of the body that controls everything — including breathing, movement, memory and consciousness.

"What is, I think, peculiar about brain surgery is it's so dangerous," Marsh tells Fresh Air's Terry Gross. "A very small area of damage to the brain can cause catastrophic disability for the patient."

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2:28pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Parallels

In Search Of Bandwidth, Cuban Entrepreneurs Head To Miami

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 2:56 pm

Miami swimwear entrepreneur Mel Valenzuela (right) explains online strategies to Cuban business owners Victor Rodriguez (middle) and Caridad Limonta (left) in Wynwood this month. Miami boutique owner Monica Minagorri (rear) watches.
Tim Padgett WLRN

When Cuban bikini maker Victor Rodríguez visited Miami this month, he was on a pilgrimage — not just for bathing suits but for bandwidth.

The most important stop on Rodríguez's schedule was lunch in Wynwood, Miami's high-tech district, with Mel Valenzuela, who owns the online swimwear store Pretty Beachy.

As Valenzuela showed Rodríguez how to do business online, his awestruck expression seemed to evoke José Arcadio Buendía in One Hundred Years of Solitude, who when he first touches ice declares it "the great invention of our time."

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2:23pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

British Pub Ye Olde Fighting Cocks Is Asked To Change Its Name

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 5:55 pm

England's historic Ye Olde Fighting Cocks pub has been asked to change its name to celebrate "intelligent, sensitive chickens."
Google Maps

It's believed to be the oldest pub in England — but now Ye Olde Fighting Cocks is facing a call to change its name. Citing modern society's compassion for the birds, the UK's People for Ethical Treatment of Animals suggests an alternate name: Ye Olde Clever Cocks.

From PETA:

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1:41pm

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Malaysia Airlines Plans To Cut A Third Of Its Workforce

Malaysia Airlines planes sit on the tarmac last year at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang, Malaysia.
Vincent Thian AP

Malaysia Airlines, which last year had one of its planes disappear off the face of the earth and another shot down over Ukraine, is about to undergo an overhaul — one that means layoffs for as many as one-third of its 20,000 employees.

In an interview with Reuters, the company's new CEO, Christoph Mueller, said he plans to run the restructured airline like a "startup." The news service reports:

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12:39pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Code Switch

Lovely Illustrations From The Story Of A Black Boy Who Dreams Of Going To Mars

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 5:48 pm

Courtesy of Myles Johnson and Kendrick Daye

Like lots of little kids, Jeremiah Nebula — the main character of a children's book called Large Fears — has big dreams. He wants to go to Mars.

But Jeremiah is also pretty different from the characters that Myles Johnson, the author of the Kickstarter-backed book, met in the stories he read when he was growing up. Jeremiah is black, and he really, really likes the color pink.

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12:06pm

Tue May 26, 2015
Shots - Health News

Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping May Benefit Children Years Later

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 11:24 am

The World Health Organization has endorsed waiting to clamp the umbilical cord for at least one minute after a baby is born.
Sebastien Desarmaux/Godong Science Source

A couple of extra minutes attached to the umbilical cord at birth may translate into a small boost in neurodevelopment several years later, a study suggests.

Children whose cords were cut more than three minutes after birth had slightly higher social skills and fine motor skills than those whose cords were cut within 10 seconds. The results showed no differences in IQ.

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10:58am

Tue May 26, 2015
NPR History Dept.

When 'Petting Parties' Scandalized The Nation

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 1:24 pm

To some social observers, petting parties of the 1920s were a natural, post-First World War outgrowth of a repressed society. To others, the out-in-the-open hug-and-kissfests were blinking neon signposts on the Road to Perdition.

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10:40am

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Iranian Court Begins Espionage Trial Of 'Washington Post' Reporter

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 10:41 am

A 2013 photo shows Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian and his wife, Yeganeh Salehi, a correspondent for the Abu Dhabi-based newspaper The National. Both of them were in an Iranian court Tuesday.
Vahid Salemi AP

More than 10 months after Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian was detained on vaguely defined espionage charges, his trial began Tuesday in a closed court in Tehran. Rezaian is a citizen of both Iran and the U.S.

Noting the trial's start, Iran's Islamic Republic News Agency notes that Rezaian, 39, "is accused of espionage for the US government and activity against the Islamic Republic of Iran."

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10:24am

Tue May 26, 2015
The Two-Way

Cleveland, Justice Department Reach Agreement Over Police Conduct

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 2:55 pm

Police officers are illuminated by patrol car lights during a protest against the acquittal of Michael Brelo on Saturday in Cleveland.
John Minchillo AP

Updated at 2:55 p.m. ET

The city of Cleveland has reached an agreement with the Justice Department over allegations that the city's police department engaged in a pattern of using excessive force, violating the civil rights of its residents.

U.S. Attorney Steven Dettelbach of the Northern District of Ohio said the agreement, once approved, "will not only serve as a roadmap for reform in Cleveland but as a national model for any police department ready to escort a great city to the forefront of the 21st Century."

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10:24am

Tue May 26, 2015
Shots - Health News

Second Opinions Are Often Sought, But Their Value Isn't Clear

Originally published on Wed May 27, 2015 11:24 am

Actress Rita Wilson arrives at the premiere of the documentary Fed Up in West Hollywood, Calif., in May 2014.
Gus Ruelas Reuters/Landov

Actress Rita Wilson, who was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent a double mastectomy, told People magazine in April that she expects to make a full recovery "because I caught this early, have excellent doctors and because I got a second opinion."

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9:58am

Tue May 26, 2015
Goats and Soda

New Mothers Get A New Kind Of Care In Rural Nigeria

Originally published on Tue May 26, 2015 3:56 pm

How can women in rural Nigeria get the care they need? That's what Columbia University graduate students in public health asked residents of Kadawawa, Nigeria.
Courtesy of Alastair Ager and Alissa Pires

How do you help a country struggling to provide quality health care, particularly to its rural citizens?

More doctors would be great. New and better clinics would help. But in some places, community health workers are an important part of the solution.

Community health workers live where they work. They're not trained medical professionals, but they do have "training that is recognized by the health services and national certification authority," according to the World Health Organization.

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